Electric Vehicles Explained

Trying to sort out all the different types of Alternative Fuel Vehicles now on the market? Thinking of investing in one yourself? Here are some key terms and features I have learned along the way, as well as some great resources!

AFV – Alternative Fuel Vehicles

Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFV) which run on ethanol, biodiesel, natural gas, propane, or hydrogen – all of which use less energy than gas.

FFV- Flex-Fuel Vehicles

Flex-Fuel Vehicles (FFV) are designed to run on gas or a blend of up to 85% ethanol

EV – Electric Drive Vehicles

Electric Drive Vehicles-all use an electric motor to improve efficiency in some way, that motor can be powered by a battery, in combination with an internal combustion engine, or by a fuel cell.

  • HEV – Hybrid EV uses an electric motor and a combustion engine. These are designed to capture energy lost through braking (regenerative brakes) to power the electric motor.
  • PEV – Plug-In EV uses a highly efficient electric engine and electricity, powered by batteries that are charged by plugging into an outlet.
  • PHEV – Plug-in Hybrid EV use an electric motor and combustion engine and uses energy from a battery that is charged by plugging into an outlet or the electrical grid in some way. When electricity runs out the car continues using a gas engine or a generator (like an EREV).
  • EREV – Extended Range EVs when the battery runs out the combustion engine acts as a generator to power the battery and extend the range
  • BEV – uses batteries to power the electric motor, fully runs on the plug in charge
  • FCEV – Fuel Cell EV combines hydrogen fuel and oxygen to power the electric motor, the only exhaust is water – fully runs on the plug in charge

Learn more in the website PluginAmerica.org

Great infographics to illustrate

Electric Vehicles & the Brushless DC Motor [Infographic]

Source : www.sinotech.com




  • Is scheider dealing in the electric car motors and batteries ?
    If not..why not?
    I beieve this to be the best company in electical and would be willing to buy the motors and batteries for my FSAE electric car!

    Reply soon

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