Trying to sort out all the different types of Alternative Fuel Vehicles now on the market? Thinking of investing in one yourself? Here are some key terms and features I have learned along the way, as well as some great resources!
AFV – Alternative Fuel Vehicles
Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFV) which run on ethanol, biodiesel, natural gas, propane, or hydrogen – all of which use less energy than gas.
FFV- Flex-Fuel Vehicles
Flex-Fuel Vehicles (FFV) are designed to run on gas or a blend of up to 85% ethanol
EV – Electric Drive Vehicles
Electric Drive Vehicles-all use an electric motor to improve efficiency in some way, that motor can be powered by a battery, in combination with an internal combustion engine, or by a fuel cell.
- HEV – Hybrid EV uses an electric motor and a combustion engine. These are designed to capture energy lost through braking (regenerative brakes) to power the electric motor.
- PEV – Plug-In EV uses a highly efficient electric engine and electricity, powered by batteries that are charged by plugging into an outlet.
- PHEV – Plug-in Hybrid EV use an electric motor and combustion engine and uses energy from a battery that is charged by plugging into an outlet or the electrical grid in some way. When electricity runs out the car continues using a gas engine or a generator (like an EREV).
- EREV – Extended Range EVs when the battery runs out the combustion engine acts as a generator to power the battery and extend the range
- BEV – uses batteries to power the electric motor, fully runs on the plug in charge
- FCEV – Fuel Cell EV combines hydrogen fuel and oxygen to power the electric motor, the only exhaust is water – fully runs on the plug in charge
Learn more in the website PluginAmerica.org
Great infographics to illustrate